Pilonidal Sinus

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Pilonidal Sinus

Pilonidal sinus is a cyst emerging out of a skin infection normal in people who are habitually seated. The cyst looks like a round sac of tissue and is loaded up with liquid or air. Pilonidal growths happen in the crease of the buttocks – between the tailbone and the butt and might be very painful.

The pilonidal sinus also called pilonidal cyst disease that typically occurs in men and is regularly found to have ingrown hair inside and happens only to those who use to sit a lot.

Causes of Pilonidal Sinus

Ingrown Hair

One of the primary causes of pilonidal sinus is ingrown hair. The development of hair inside the skin rather than on the skin is alluded to as ingrown hair. Pilonidal sore disease or pilonidal sinus is the result of such a resistant reaction.

Long periods of sitting

Staying seated over a long period of time forestalls the cleft between your buttocks and the region around the tailbone from relaxing. This prompts skin friction, and gathering of sweat and residue and is one of the reasons for pilonidal sinus.

Hairy Skin

Hair follicles because of exorbitant skin hair penetrate the skin, hindering the regular cycles of the skin cells. This makes it ready for the growth of the pilonidal sinus.

Excessive Sweating

Excessive sweating without a section for sweat escape actuates the development of bacteria. Combined with the absence of cleanliness this turns into an unavoidable reason for pilonidal sinus.

Who can get a pilonidal cyst/sinus?

Anybody can get a pilonidal cyst, but the following people are at higher risk of getting a pilonidal cyst:

  • Men are at a higher risk than women
  • Individuals who wear tight clothes
  • People between the age of 20-40 years
  • People whose job is to sit all-day 
  • Overweight people 
  • Individuals having thick or rough body hair 

Pilonidal Sinus Treatment

The two main procedures is used by the surgeon to treat pilonidal cysts include:

Incision and Drainage: – In this procedure, the surgeon will make an incision and then drain the cyst. It is a very easy procedure done at the clinic.

  • You’ll be given local anesthesia to numb the targeted area.
  • Your surgeon will make a small cut in the cyst to drain the pus. 
  • Then the surgeon will pack the hole with gauze and leave it open.
  • After the treatment, it can take up to 3-4 weeks to heal the treated area. During this period, the gauze needs to be changed.

Surgical Cyst Removal: –  In this procedure, the surgeon will remove the whole cyst and the tissues around it. This procedure is also known as a cystectomy.

  • This procedure is done under general anesthesia to make the entire process painless. 
  • A cut will be made to take out the skin with the pores and the tissue beneath it with the hair follicles.
  • The treated area may or may not be packed with gauze which depends on the amount of tissue removal. In some cases, a tube is placed to drain fluid collected after surgery. 

The entire surgery can take up to 40-45 minutes. After the surgery, the patient can go home on the same day after a few hours.

Recovery After Pilonidal Sinus Surgery

After surgery, the surgeon might choose to leave the treated area open or close it with stitches.

The recovery time depends on the surgical procedure and whether you received stitches or not. However, the complete healing takes between 1-3 months.

Most people resume their daily activities within a month after the surgery. The patients likely have a follow-up appointment as per recommended by the surgeon. 

Some of the patients may experience pain or tenderness during the recovery period but medications can reduce the effect of pain. Patients can follow the below activities during the recovery period: –  

  • Take medications prescribed by the surgeon
  • Avoid strenuous activities
  • The patient must sit on a doughnut cushion
  • Avoid sitting for long on hard surfaces

Side-effects of Pilonidal Sinus Surgery

In most cases, a pilonidal sinus may result in some side effects. Some people may have an infection or other side effects like: – 

  • Some patients may have poor wound healing
  • Numbness around the treated area
  • Bleeding may occur
  • Pain may be felt after the surgery 
  • Scarring
  • Some patients may have an allergic reaction to medications
  • Infection may occur in the treated area 

Cost of Pilonidal Sinus Surgery

Pilonidal sinus surgery cost in Delhi is between Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 60,000 depending on multiple factors. However, the average cost of pilonidal sinus surgery is somewhere around Rs. 45,000. Shobhit Aesthetics provides the painless laser surgery of pilonidal sinus. It’s an outpatient surgery where the patients can go home on the same day after a few hours.

Here are multiple factors that affect pilonidal sinus surgery cost: – 

  • Location of the clinic
  • Surgeon’s fee
  • Medications
  • Tests
  • Anesthesia fee

Pilonidal sinus surgery cost is very reasonable at Shobhit Aesthetics, contact for more details.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, pilonidal sinus causes severe low back pain which becomes more prominent during sitting down. Redness, swelling, and a lump between the buttocks are the major symptoms of pilonidal sinus disease. 

Pilonidal cysts are more common in men, even pregnant women can get these cysts. It does not affect the pregnancy, although it just causes pain in the buttocks. Consult your doctor for the same if you’re experiencing unbearable pain.

If you’re feeling severe pain due to a pilonidal cyst and it has gotten worse, you need to get rid of it. Consult Dr. Shobhit Gupta and get freedom from that pilonidal cyst completely. 

Pilonidal sinus surgery is a minor surgical treatment that involves a small incision and drainage performed by Dr. Shobhit Gupta on an outpatient basis where the patient can go home on the same day after the surgery. General or local anesthesia is given to the patient before the procedure to make the treatment painless. Pilonidal cyst surgical removal causes a little scar but fades away over time. 

Pilonidal sinus surgery is a painless procedure as the patient is given local or general anesthesia to numb the treated area. However, a little pain occurs after the treatment but medications can give relief from pain. 

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